News & Publications

Defining Neural Impact Tolerances


CNN: What a concussion looks like in the brain, on the cellular level​

NBC 10: How do brain injuries occur?

Journal Articles:

·      Scimone, M.T., Cramer III, H.C., Hopkins, P., Estrada, J.B., Franck, C. Application of mild hypothermia successfully mitigates neural injury in a 3D in-vitro model of traumatic brain injury, PLoS One, 15(4), 2020.


Scimone MT, Cramer III HC, Bar-Kochba E, Amezcua R, Estrada JB, Franck C. Modular approach for resolving and mapping complex neural and other cellular structures and their associated deformation fields in three dimensions. Nature protocols. 2018 Dec;13(12):3042.

Patel M, Leggett SE, Landauer AK, Wong IY, Franck C. Rapid, Topology-based particle tracking for high-resolution measurements of large complex 3D motion fields. Scientific reports. 2018 Apr 3;8(1):5581.

Bar-Kochba E, Scimone MT, Estrada JB, Franck C. Strain and rate-dependent neuronal injury in a 3D in vitro compression model of traumatic brain injury. Scientific reports. 2016 Aug 2;6:30550.

Predicting Brain Injuries via High-Fidelity Human Head Simulations


Terpsma, RJ, Hovey CB.  Blunt Impact Brain Injury using Cellular Injury Criterion.  Sandia Report. 2020 October; SAND2020-11444.

Journal Articles:

  • Terpsma, R., Carlsen, R.W., Szalkowski, R., Malave, S., Fawzi, A.L., Franck, C. and Hovey, C., 2021. Head Impact Modeling to Support a Rotational Combat Helmet Drop Test, Military Medicine, pp. 8-1


  • Rika Wright Carlsen, Alice Lux Fawzi, Yang Wan, Haneesh Kesari, and Christian Franck. A quantitative relationship between rotational head kinematics and brain tissue strain from a 2-D parametric finite element analysis. Brain Multiphysics 2:100024, 2021. 

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Characterizing the Protective Capacity of Advanced Material Formulations

Journal Articles:

Pagano S, Jewell P, Lamberson L, A Tunable Modified-Hopkinson Impact Fatigue Device, Review of Scientific Instruments, in Review (2019): 1-5.

Koumlis S, Lamberson L, Strain Rate Dependent Compressive Response of Open Cell Polyurethane Foams. Experimental Mechanics. 2019:1-17

Koumlis S, Pagano S, del Rey GR, Kim Y, Jewell P, Noh M, Lamberson L. Drop on Demand Colloidal Suspension Inkjet Patterning for DIC. Experimental Techniques. 2018:1-2.

Developing Next-Generation Impact and Real-Time Head and Brain Motion Sensors

Journal Articles:

  • Monn, M. A., Vijaykumar, K., Kochiyama, S., & Kesari, H.. Lamellar architectures in stiff biomaterials may not always be templates for enhancing toughness in composites. Nature Communications, 11(1), 2020.

  • Mohammad Masiur Rahaman, Wenqiang Fang, Alice Lux Fawzi, Yang Wan, and Haneesh Kesari. An accelerometer-only algorithm for determining the acceleration field of a rigid body, with application in studying the mechanics of mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids (In Press) 2020.